University of Arizona

Book of the Dead

Book of the Dead

The Book of the Dead is a compendium of ancient Egyptian mythology, religious beliefs and practices. It includes spells, incantations, hymns, magical formulas, and prayers. E.A. Wallis Budge acquired the Papyrus of Ani for the British Museum in 1888. He sliced the scroll into 37 pieces and mounted the sections for exposition at the British Museum , where they began to deteriorate under the light. At the same time he commissioned a full-size, full-color facsimile, first published in 1890 and again in 1894 without translation or analysis. In 1895 a 2d volume to the 2d edition would include his transliteration , introduction, etc. The 1894 volume includes 37 double-page chromolithograph plates. In 1978 Gratz issued a new facsimile edition in portfolio of the 37 segments of the papyrus in their original size along with a scholarly commentary (in German) by E. Dondelinger . One of the symbols you might look for is HEQ, the crook or sceptre, the Symbol of Dominion. It is carried even now by Bishops.