University of Arizona

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United States War Relocation Authority Papers

Buses Arrive at Poston, AZ, 1942


The U.S. War Relocation Authority was responsible for the relocation, internment, and reintegration of Japanese and Japanese Americans during World War II. From 1942 to 1946, Edward H. Spicer, Anthropology professor at the University of Arizona, was Head of the Community Analysis Section of the War Relocation Authority, in Washington, D.C.

The largest group of material encompasses Community Analysis Reports from 11 individual relocation centers. The centers were located in Poston and Rivers, Ariz.; Denson and Rohwer, Ark.; Manzanar and Newell, Calif.; Amache, Colo.; Hunt, Idaho; Oswego, N.Y.; Topaz, Utah; and Heart Mountain, Wyo. The center at Oswego, N.Y. housed war refugees from southern Europe.

The next largest group of materials is comprised of official W.R.A. pamphlets, as well as typescript studies by various W.R.A. personnel, including Spicer. These studies are often concerned with sociological issues such as racism, the effects of center life on the evacuees, and their attitudes about Japan. Among the newspapers, two are in Japanese: the "Washington Daily News Digest," 1945, and an issue of the "Doho," 1943, from New York. Incoming and outgoing correspondence relates both to Spicer and John F. Embree, of the Community Analysis Section; also Dillon S. Myer of the W.R.A. Some letters are from the community analysts informally reporting events at the different relocation centers.

Statistic reports include relocations by state, and returns to the West Coast by city. Government documents relate to House and Senate bills and resolutions, cases before the Supreme Court, the administration of alien property, and hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Among the miscellaneous items are maps, organizational charts, the official administrative manual, information on Buddhism, transcripts of speeches and radio broadcasts, bibliographic citations, and poetry written by center residents. Black-and-white photographs are well-identified by place, photographer, subject, and often individuals' names. They depict the centers; W.R.A. officials; soldiers of the all-Japanese American 442nd Combat Team

Some materials are in Japanese.