Veteran's Day, celebrated every year on November 11, honors the men and women who have served in the United States Armed Forces. Beginning in 1918, Veteran's Day--formerly known as Armistice Day--commemorated the end of World War I in 1918. While the Treaty of Versailles ended World War I on June 28, 1919, fighting ended November 11, 1918 when an armistice went into effect. In the mid-1950s after the end of several more wars and conflicts, President Eisenhower changed the name to Veteran's Day.
In honor of Mark Twain’s birthday (November 4th), we decided to research one of the more mysterious items in UA Special Collections. The item is a mining certificate from the Goodman Gold and Silver Mining Company issued to Mark Twain, apparently in 1872 (MS 091). It is often the job of archivists to research the historical authenticity of items in their collection.
October is American Archives Month! American Archives Month began in 2006 as an opportunity for archivists to raise awareness of the value of archives. It also allows archivists to teach people about the important items that are being preserved, cataloged, cared for, and being made accessible.
Creating the exhibition “American Indian Students at the University of Arizona” was a wonderful experience for my colleague Shawna Thompson and me. It was amazing working with different departments both within and outside of the University of Arizona Library to discover the hidden history of American Indian Students and to realize how much of an impact American Indian Students have had on the campus.
September 3rd, 2014 is the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Wilderness Act by President Johnson. This act initially set aside 9.1 million acres of wilderness areas in America for the ultimate protection—no permanent structures, no roads, no mechanized vehicles and no extraction of resources.
The University of Arizona Special Collections is pleased to announce the completion of the archival processing of the Gerard P. Kuiper Papers (MS 480) along with an online guide to the collection. Kuiper’s papers document exciting space discoveries from the mid-twentieth century including innovations that led to landing the first man on the moon.
The beginning of the new semester is quickly approaching while renovations on Old Main are wrapping up. If you stop by the new home of the Office of the President you will notice some Special Collections photographs of the early history of the UA along Old Main’s walls. Old Main, the oldest building on campus, is the symbol of the University.
It appears as though the monsoons have arrived here in the Sonoran Desert. This is a most beloved time of year for us desert rats, when, sometimes like clockwork, desert storms roll in every afternoon and dump much needed rain on the overheated city. The monsoon showers are such a relief that we often forget they bring Southern Arizona’s only real natural disasters in the form of flash flooding and violent storms. The monsoons also bring enough moisture to create a climate for the rare tornado, like the one seen in this 1964 photograph.
Sun Link Tucson Streetcar service kicks off this week connecting downtown, 4th Ave and the University of Arizona, providing another public transportation alternative. However, streetcars are not a new idea in Tucson. Since 1897, Tucson has used street cars to move people through the business and residential areas near downtown and the University of Arizona.
With the infamous “Cow Appreciation Day” on July 15th, the diverse history of cattle ranching in the state of Arizona is notable. Arizona’s first permanent ranch, Sierra Bonita Ranch, was founded in 1872 by Henry C. Hooker. Soon after the founding of Sierra Bonita Ranch, other cattlemen took up residence throughout the state and began profitable ranches. The Hilton Ranch operated in the early 1900s and included over 12,000 acres of land. However, Arizona’s cattle industry owes much of its success to Walter L. Vail and Empire Ranch.