Born in a mining community in Sonora, Mexico, Raul H. Castro realized that combining education, hard work and a concern for the welfare of others was a means to succeeding in life. Castro attended college on an athletic scholarship and worked his way through law school. In 1974 he was elected as Arizona’s first Latino governor. He eventually served as U.S. Ambassador to three Latin-American countries El Salvador, Bolivia, and Argentina during the presidential administrations of Johnson, Nixon, and Carter. During the course of his long and distinguished career, Raul H. Castro held the titles of school teacher, county attorney, judge, diplomat, governor, and elder statesman. This exhibition presents photographs and documents regarding Raul Castro’s life and career.
The battleship Arizona served with pride and distinction in the U.S. Navy from 1916 until 1941. Among the many duties the ship performed was service with the British Grand Fleet at the end of World War I, taking President Hoover on a cruise of the Caribbean in 1931, providing aid after the 1933 Long Beach earthquake and serving as a location for the filming of the movie Here Comes the Navy. Tragically, the ship is familiar to most people because on December 7th, 1941 the USS Arizona was sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor with the loss of over eleven hundred crew members.
The purpose of this web exhibit is to present the papers, photographs, and memorabilia of the USS Arizonaheld by Special Collections. Many of these items are on exhibit at the USSArizona memorial in the University of Arizona Student Union. We wish to give emphasis to those materials that are located at the University of Arizona and are not widely available via other sources.
The University of Arizona photographic archives document the life and times of the UA from about 1889 to the present. Beginning with photographs of Old Main, the original structure on campus, the archives document growth in the physical campus and changes in the dress and customs of students and faculty. The images included in this exhibit are a small, representative group of photographs from the collection.
Stewart Lee Udall served enthusiastically as Arizona's Congressman for District 2 from 1954-1961 and as Secretary of the Interior from 1961-1969 in the administrations of President John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Since his retirement from public service in 1969, Stewart Udall has mainly devoted his time to writing books and articles dealing with environmental issues, and practicing law. During the same period, he represented Native American uranium miners in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah in their lawsuits against the United States Government.
The purpose of this online exhibit is to present the papers and photographs of the Stewart Lee Udall Collection. The material in this exhibit will provide the user with an introduction to this collection, including selected photographic images documenting Stewart Udall's public career and private interests.
This exhibition provides a selection of materials from the pamphlet and ephemera collection in Special Collections and illustrates how the Southwest was promoted as a region. It verbally and visually documents some of the ways the Southwest was popularized. Through these various approaches to the region, certain concepts about the Southwest were indelibly impressed on the imaginations of individuals interested in the region, especially on those outsiders who first experienced the Southwest through the literature and art about it.
A playwright, journalist, women's rights advocate, and novelist, Sophie Treadwell maintained a professional career that spanned close to sixty years, from the 1910s to 1970. She is considered today as one of America's most prominent women playwrights of the first half of the twentieth century. Author of forty plays, Treadwell was one of only a few women dramatists who also directed and produced many of her own works. During World War I, the State Department recognized Treadwell as one of America's first accredited female foreign war correspondents. In the 1920s, she became the only American journalist granted an interview with Pancho Villa at his remote ranch following the Mexican Revolution.
Estelle Lutrell was the first full-time librarian at the University, and this exhibit celebrated the 100th anniversary of her coming to Arizona in 1904.
As a teenager in the late 1880’s, Estelle attended Christian College in Canton, Missouri, where her father was a music instructor. After leaving Christian College, Estelle enrolled at the University of Chicago and worked part-time in the University’s main library while earning a degree in English and modern languages. She graduated in 1896 and was employed for about three years in the university’s new Hull Biological Laboratories’ library. Although she did not have a degree in library science, this would be her first full-time position in a library.
She gained further library experience working as a junior assistant in the well-known library founded by Chicago industrial magnate and philanthropist John Crerar. At that time, the Crerar Library was located on the fifth and sixth floors of a building annexed to the famous Marshall Field & Co. Store in Chicago’s Loop. Shortly after the turn of the century, Estelle would enter Arizona Territory and join President Parker’s staff at the University of Arizona. She would take on a dual role, instructor in English and librarian.
The collection contains manuscripts both from before and after the Spanish Conquest that began in 1521. These manuscripts derive primarily from three cultural areas, Mixtec, Mayan, and Aztec, although they are not limited to them. The span of history these surviving codices cover is from A.D. 629 to 1642.
The majority of surviving Mesoamerican codices come from three cultural areas: Mixtec, Mayan and Aztec, and this distinction is employed the way this site is organized. There are codices included in each section that are either from a region other than these three or they are codices whose origin is unclear. Chronologically the codices are divided into pre-Conquest and early colonial codices. While surviving Mixtec codices are generally pre-Conquest, i.e. without European influence, surviving Aztec codices all exhibit European colonial influcences in their styles. Generally, if a codex was colonial, we have included it in the group of Aztec colonial manuscripts.
Little Cowpuncher was the name of a mimeographed school newspaper, written and illustrated by Anglo and Mexican-American ranch children. It appeared from 1932 to 1943 at five different rural schools in Southern Arizona, where Eulalia Bourne was the teacher. Most of the students who attended these one- or two-room schoolhouses, close to the Mexican border, were bilingual and bicultural. Some were the sons and daughters of pioneer Mexican and American ranch families; others were children of ranch hands working for large landowners; and a few were temporary students from families living on mining claims or road camps. Their original and unedited stories and drawings vividly describe their lives on isolated ranches, and the everyday and special events throughout the school year at Redington, Baboquivari, Sasco, San Fernando, and Sopori schools. On this site you will find Little Cowpuncher online, looking as much like the originals as possible.
Levi Stewart Udall was born January 20, 1891 at St. Johns, Arizona. He is the brother of past Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court, Jesse A.Udall. For twenty-eight years, Levi served in the Apache County Courthouse in various public service positions including: Clerk for the County Board of Supervisors (1915-1918); Clerk of the Superior Court (1919-1922); in 1922 he was admitted to the Arizona State Bar; County Attorney for two terms (1923-24 and 1927-28); and Judge of the Superior Court (1931-1946). In January 1947, Levi was elected to the office of Judge of the Supreme Court of Arizona, a position he held until his death on May 30,1960 in Wickenburg, Arizona. A member of many civic associations, Levi was awarded both the Medallion of Merit and an honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of Arizona. He was ordained into the priesthood by his father, David K. Udall in 1920. He served as president of the St. Johns Stake (1922-1945), and later was appointed as Patriarch for the Phoenix North Stake.
The papers in the Levi S. Udall Collection, ca. 1842-1974 (bulk 1910-1960), are organized into the following series: Personal, Correspondence, Reminiscences, Activity, Ledgers, Speeches, and Miscellaneous Printed Materials. This collection documents the Udall family; their settlement in Arizona; the influence of the church in their lives; the editing and publishing of David K. Udall's memoirs titled Arizona Pioneer Mormon; and many of the civic and religious speeches given by Levi Udall.
The Jesse Addison Udall Collection, ca. 1882-1981 (bulk 1935-1978), consists mainly of papers relating to Udall's military and legal careers, particularly during his tenure on the Arizona Supreme Court (1960-1972). Included in these papers are correspondence, speeches, clippings, election results, certificates, awards, miscellaneous military records and directives, personal and family photographs.
The Personal and Family Papers subgroup includes biographical summaries; clippings documenting honors; personal and family achievements; a few miscellaneous church related items; retirement records and correspondence; certificates and awards from various civic organizations; and correspondence and clippings pertaining to son Addison Udall's World War II experiences.
The Professional Papers subgroup relates to Udall's military and legal careers, and contains primarily correspondence, clippings, and speeches. Other miscellaneous documents include military orders, certificates, Arizona election results from 1960-1970, a list of opinions authored by Jesse Udall, and documents pertaining to the operation of the Arizona National Guard Unit in Safford, Arizona, between 1930-1940.
Most of the material in this subgroup covers either the span of Jesse Udall's National Guard and subsequent Army involvement (1930-1945), or his tenure on the Arizona State Supreme Court (1960-1972).Other events falling within the scope of this subgroup are his service on the Arizona Interstate Stream Commission and a post-retirement effort to persuade some United States Congressmen of the merits of purchasing a corridor through Mexico from Arizona to the Gulf of California.
Fred Harvey (1835-1901) began a partnership with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in 1878. In 1889, the Railway gave Harvey exclusive rights to manage and operate his eating houses, lunch stands, and hotel facilities upon the Santa Fe's railroads west of the Missouri River. The Harvey Houses took pride in their first class food, service, and cleanliness.
There are approximately 2,000 photographs depicting exterior and interior views of hotels, eating houses, railroad stations and news stands operated by Fred Harvey. States represented are Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas. Other photographs document the Indian exhibits at the Panama-Pacific International Exhibition, 1915, and the Panama-California Exposition, 1915-1916. All photographs can be viewed through this online exhibit.
The facsimiles presented here represent manuscripts known to have been created before the advent of printing.
A fine art facsimile re-creates an original document or manuscript in a copy that is as faithful to the original as possible. The word "facsimile" comes from the Latin ("fac simile") and means "make it the same". It represents the faithful rendition of originals, particularly of manuscripts. Contemporary facsimile documents are generally produced by a photographic process. Most modern-day facsimiles are created using offset printing methods in limited numbered editions.
Scholars desire to examine original documents whenever possible, but the facsimile offers an opportunity to study illumination and lettering styles, output from several important scriptoria and schools, and texts created by hand usually on parchment or vellum. Each entry in the exhibit will identify the repository where the original manuscript is located.
David King Udall was born in Saint Louis, Missouri to David and Eliza King Udall, English emigrants. As a young man Udall married Eliza Luella (Ella) Stewart (1855-1937) of Kanab, Utah, the daughter of Bishop Levi Stewart. From 1875-1877, Udall traveled to England to labor there on his first mission for the Mormon Church. Ordained as a Bishop in June 1880, Udall was called to lead a colony of Mormons to Saint Johns, a small settlement of Americans and New Mexican Hispanics in northeastern Arizona Territory. He married his plural wife, Ida Frances Hunt (1858-1915), the daughter of Bishop John Hunt of Snowflake, Arizona, in 1882.
Jailed on a false perjury charge in 1885, he returned to serve his community by developing better roads, contracting a mail service, establishing a local school, and representing the area as a member of the 20th Territorial Legislature. Until his death in 1938, David K. Udall, together with his wife Ella, served his church in Arizona in many capacities including the positions of President of St. Johns Stake and President of the Arizona Temple in Mesa.
The Bisbee Deportation of 1917 was an event specific to Arizona that influenced the labor movement throughout the United States. What started as a labor dispute between copper mining companies and their workers turned into vigilante action against the allegedly nefarious activities of the Industrial Workers of the World (I.W.W.). This site is a research-based collection of primary and secondary sources for the study of the deportation of over 1,000 striking miners from Bisbee on 12 July, 1917.
Materials include I.W.W. publications, personal recollections, newspaper articles, court records, government reports, correspondence, and journal articles that are part of the collections of three libraries: The University of Arizona Library, the Arizona Historical Society, Tucson, Arizona, and the Sharlot Hall Museum, Prescott, Arizona.
The pioneering effort to build the Empire Land and Cattle Company in Arizona got underway in 1876 when two Englishmen, Walter Vail and Herbert Hislop, came to Tucson Arizona and purchased the Fish Ranch, located about 50 miles southeast of town. This small ranch was destined to grow to become one of Southern Arizona's largest cattle ranches. It is now listed in the National Register of Historic Places. This exhibit chronicles the early years of that ranch, its people, and its activities as represented in manuscripts at Special Collections.
Through these pages, visitors will experience colonial Mexico’s religious and political life, early national political discourse and battles for independence, as well as nineteenth century political discord and foreign invasion. The Escárcega family library was built largely by Gildardo G. H. Morales Díaz of Apetatitlán, Tlaxcala, Mexico [b. 1899 — d. 1987]. It was in Puebla, during the Mexican revolution, that the family lost everything, land and home. The violence of the revolution transformed the young Gildardo and is what led him to dedicate a large part of his life to study and understand the history of Mexico. The family left Puebla and moved to Mexico City with a few belongings and some books. These were the seeds of Mr. Morales’ collection. He started collecting books on the history of Mexico in the early 1920s, building his library over his lifetime by adding to it important manuscripts and broadsides. During his lifetime, Mr. Morales took care of his library with great passion. The exlibris in his books reads, “Verba volant scripta manent,” loosely translated as, “the word flies, the written is permanent.” Mr. Morales was a self-taught bibliophile and was a founding member of the Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia.
After his death, his daughter, Lorenia Morales Rodriguez Escárcega, who earned a Ph.D in history, cared for the library. Since his daughter's death, in 2002, it was cared for by one of her sons, the executor of the collection, Alejandro Escárcega Morales. Alejandro and his five siblings, Miguel, Carlos, Rocío, Patricia, and Lorenia were charged with caring for the collection.
The collection included nearly 2,800 books, 80 documents (broadsides and manuscripts), and about 10 photographs. The collection is named the Morales de Escárcega Collection, in tribute to Mr. Morales and his daughter Lorenia, both of whom cared for the collection during their lifetimes.
Ken Wolfgang taught himself photography which led to his interest in crafting motion pictures. In 1951 at the age of 20, he enlisted in the military which deployed him to Japan. Wolfgang made it his purpose in life to use his gift of filmmaking to create documentary films that depicted cultures accurately, without reinforcing the negative stereotypes that were pervasive in American culture at the time. He stated that he tried to film from the cultural perspective of the people being filmed so the viewer could look out and see the world of others through the eyes of those who lived in that world.
Ken Wolfgang formed his own production company named Kensharo Productions in 1958. The full length travelogue films Ken Wolfgang created between the 1950's-1980's document a wide array of cultures from nations including Mexico, Thailand, Japan, India, Singapore and Austria. In 1983, Wolfgang retired from filmmaking, citing that the popularity of travel shows on cable and technology of filmmaking had begun to trump the human connection to the work.
This online exhibit covers materials from Ken Wolfgang and Kendra Gaines, including correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, news clippings, and reel to reel film and audio, as well as digital versions of his complete films. A book library accompanied the collection and books added were cataloged individually. This digital exhibit showcases a few samples of his films along with samplings of correspondence, press releases and other documents related to the films.
Inspired by the state’s Centennial, a group of seven bibliophiles set out to develop a list of fiction and non-fiction books essential to Arizona. Surveying works from Spanish times to the present, the final 100 titles were "selected on the basis of their historical importance and literary merit." A special edition of The Journal of Arizona History is the culmination of this yearlong effort and offers an in-depth bibliography of the selected titles with a summary, assessment of significance, and suggestions for further reading for each title.
Among the titles selected is The Personal Narrative of James O. Pattie, published in 1833 and the oldest book on the list. The most recently published title, the 2010 book A Gift of Angels: The Art of Mission San Xavier del Bac by Bernard Fontana and Edward McCain offers an identification of nearly 200 saints and angels that adorn San Xavier del Bac.